Learn The Lingo! A Glossary of German Cooking and Food Words

Abendbrot

noun

light supper, literally “evening bread

Abendessen

noun

dinner

abgießen

verb

to drain

abkühlen

verb

to cool off, cool down

abseihen

verb

to strain, sieve (Aus., S. Ger.)

abtropfen

verb

to drip off

alkoholfrei

adj

nonalcoholic

Ananas

noun

pineapple

anbraten

verb

to brown

anschwitzen

verb

to sweat

Apfel (die Äpfel), m

noun

apple

Apfelkuchen

noun

apple cake

Apfelmost

noun

(hard) apple cider

Apfelmus

noun

applesauce

Apfelsaft (die Apfelsäfte), m

noun

apple juice

Apfelsaftschorle (die Apfelsaftschorlen), f

noun

apple spritzer (apple juice mixed with sparkling mineral water)

Apfelstrudel

noun

apple strudel

Aprikose (die Aprikosen), f

noun

apricot

Aubergine (die Auberginen), f

noun

eggplant

aufkochen

verb

to boil

Auflauf (die Aufläufe), m

noun

casserole

Auflaufform (die Auflaufformen), f

noun

casserole

aufschlagen

verb

to beat, whip

auftragen

verb

to serve

ausdrücken

verb

to squeeze

ausfetten

verb

to grease

ausrollen

verb

to roll out (dough)

ausstechen

verb

to cut/press out (with cookie cutter)

Backblech (die Backbleche), n

noun

baking tray

backen

verb

to bake

Bäckerei (die Bäckereien), f

noun

bakery

Backfett/Pflanzenfett

noun

shortening (Crisco = Palmin Soft)

Backform (die Backformen), f

noun

baking dish, tin

Backofen (die Backöfen), m

noun

(baking) oven

Backpapier

noun

baking paper

Backpulver

noun

baking powder

Backrohr (die Backrohre), n

noun

oven

Banane (die Bananen), f

noun

banana

Basilikumblatt (die Basilikumblätter), n

noun

basil leaves

Baumkuchen

noun

tree cake

Beere (die Beeren), f

noun

berry

bemehlt

adj

floured

Besteck (die Bestecke), n

noun

cutlery, flatware, silverware

bestreichen, streichen

verb

to spread

bestreuen

verb

to sprinkle (on)

beträufeln

verb

to sprinkle

Bier

noun

beer

Birne (die Birnen), f

noun

pear

Blätterteig

noun

puff pastry

Blattspinat

noun

leaf spinach

Blaubeere (die Blaubeeren), f

noun

blueberry

Blaukraut/Rotkraut

noun

red cabbage

blitzartig

adj

fulgurous

Blumenkohl

noun

cauliflower

Bohne (die Bohnen), f

noun

bean

Braten

noun

roast

Bratenfond

noun

frying stock

Brei

noun

porridge

Brezel (die Bretzeln), f

noun

pretzel

Brokkoli

noun

broccoli

Brombeere (die Brombeeren), f

noun

blackberry

Brot (die Brote), n

noun

bread

Brötchen

noun

roll

Brotzeit

noun

a between-meal snack, usually consists of bread and cold cuts

Brühe

noun

broth

Butter

noun

Butter

Cayennepfeffer

noun

chili

dachziegelartig

adj

imbricated

Deckel

noun

top

die Frucht (die Früchte), f

noun

fruit

Dill

noun

dill

Dose

noun

can

durchgebraten

adj

well done

Ei

noun

egg

Eier trennen

verb

to seperate egg yolk and egg white

Eigelb

noun

egg yolk

einfetten

verb

to grease

eingemacht

adj

canned food

Eintopf

noun

stew

Eis

noun

ice cream

Eischnee

noun

beaten white of egg

Eisen

noun

iron

Eissalat

noun

iceberg lettuce

Eiweiß

noun

Protein, egg white

EL (Esslöffel)

noun

tablespoon

Entenfleisch

noun

duck

entkernen

verb

to pit

entsteinen

verb

to pit

Erbse (die Erbsen), f

noun

pea

Erdbeere (die Erdbeeren), f

noun

strawberry

Erdbeertörtchen

noun

strawberry tartlet

Erdnuss (die Erdnüsse), f

noun

peanut

erwärmen

verb

to heat

Essig

noun

vinegar

Estragon

noun

tarragon

Feige (die Feigen), f

noun

fig

Feinschmecker

noun

foodie

Fenchel

noun

fennel

Fett

noun

fat

fetten

verb

to grease

Filet

noun

filet

Fisch

noun

fish

Flasche

noun

bottle

Fleisch

noun

meat ball

Fleischwurst

noun

pork sausage

Flüssigkeit

noun

liquid, fluid

Frikadelle (die Frikadellen), f

noun

meat ball/meat patty

frisch gepresst

adj

freshly squeezed

Frischkäse

noun

cream cheese

Fruchtsaft

noun

fruit juice

Gabel

noun

fork

Gänsefleisch

noun

goose

garen

verb

to cook

Garnele (die Garnelen), f

noun

shrimp

garniert

adj

garnished

Gebäck

noun

baked goods

gebacken

adj

baked

gebraten

adj

roasted

gedämpft

adj

steamed

Geflügel

noun

poultry

gefüllt

adj

filled

gehackt

adj

minced

gekocht

adj

cooked

gemahlen

adj

ground (up)

gemischt

adj

mixed

Gemüse

noun

vegetables

Gemüsebrühe

noun

vegetable stock

Genuss

noun

pleasure

geraspelt

verb

rasped

geräuchert

adj

smoked

gerieben

adj

finely ground

gesalzen

adj

salted

geschält

adj

peeled

Geschirrhandtuch

noun

kitchen towel

geschmolzen

adj

melted

geschnitten

verb

sliced

gestrichen

adj

level(ed)

Getränk

noun

drink

Gewürz

noun

seasoning(s), spice(s)

Gewürznelke

noun

clove

gewürzt

adj

seasoned

Glas

noun

glass

glasiert

adj

glazed

Glasur

noun

glazing, icing

Glühwein

noun

mulled wine

Grad

noun

degree

Gramm

noun

gram

grob mahlen

verb

to crush

Grünkohl

noun

kale

Gugelhupf

noun

bundt cake

Gulasch

noun

goulash

Gurke

noun

cucumber, gherkin

Guss (Zuckerguss)

noun

(sugar) glazing, icing

Hackfleisch

noun

ground meat

Haferflocken

noun

oatmeal

Hähnchen

noun

broiler-fryer

halbdurch

adj

medium (done)

Hälfte

noun

half (of)

Handrührgerät

noun

mixer, mixing machine

Haselnuss

noun

hazelnut

Hefe

noun

yeast

Hefeteig

noun

yeast dough

Heidelbeere

noun

blueberry

heiß

adj

hot

hell

adj

bright

Herd

noun

range, stove (cooking)

Hering

noun

herring

Himbeere

noun

raspberry

Himbeeressig

noun

raspberry vinegar

hinzufügen

verb

to add

Honig

noun

honey

Hühnerfleisch

noun

chicken

Hummer

noun

lobster

Ingwer

noun

ginger

oghurt

noun

yogurt

Johannisbeere

noun

currant

Johannisbeersaft

noun

currant juice

Kaffee

noun

coffee

Kakao

noun

cocoa

Kalbfleisch

noun

veal

kalt

adj

cold

Kaninchen

noun

rabbit

Kardamom

noun

cardamom, cardamon

Karotte

noun

carrot

Kartoffel

noun

potato

Kartoffelpuffer

noun

potato pancake

Kartoffelpüree/Kartoffelbrei

noun

mashed potato

Kartoffelsalat

noun

potato salad

Käse

noun

cheese

Kassler

noun

smoked pork chop

Kastenform

noun

cake pan

Kaviar

noun

caviar

Kerngehäuse

noun

core

Kirsche

noun

cherry

Kiwi

noun

kiwi

kleben

verb

to stick

Kloß

noun

dumpling

kneten

verb

to knead (dough)

Knoblauch

noun

garlic

knusprig

adj

crispy

Kochbuch

noun

cook book

köcheln

verb

to simmer

kochen

verb

to boil, cook

Kochlöffel

noun

wooden spoon

Kohl

noun

cabbage

Kokosfett

noun

coconut oil

Kokosnuss

noun

coconut

Konditorei

noun

pastry shop

Konfitüre

noun

jam

Koriander

noun

coriander

Krapfen

noun

cruller

Kraut

noun

herb

Kuchen

noun

cake

Küchenpapier

noun

paper towel

Kühlschrank

noun

refrigerator

Kuvertüre

noun

chocolate coating

Lachs

noun

salmon

Lammfleisch

noun

Lamb

Lauch

noun

leek

lauwarm

adj

tepid

Leberkäse

noun

liver loaf

Leberwurst

noun

liverwurst

Lebkuchen

noun

gingerbread

Löffel

noun

spoon

mahlen

verb

to grind

Maibowle

noun

may bowl

Mais

noun

corn

Maiskolben

noun

corn cob

Majonäse

noun

mayonnaise

Mandel

noun

almond

Mango

noun

mango

Margarine

noun

oleomargarine

Marinade

noun

marinade

mariniert

adj

marinated

Marmor-Napfkuchen

noun

marble cake

Marzipan

noun

marzipan

Masse

noun

mixture

Maultasche

noun

filled pasta

Maus

noun

mouse

Meerrettich

noun

horseradish

Mehl

noun

flour

Messer

noun

knife

Messerspitze (Msp.)

noun

knife tip, a pinch of…

Milch

noun

milk

Mineralstoff

noun

mineral nutrient

Mineralwasser

noun

mineral water, carbonated water

Mischung

noun

mixture

Mittagessen

noun

lunch

Mohn

noun

poppy

Möhre

noun

carrot

Mulde

noun

swale

Muskat

noun

nutmeg

Nachspeise

noun

dessert

Nachtisch

noun

dessert

Natron

noun

baking soda, bicarbonate of soda

Nelke

noun

clove

Nudel

noun

pasta, noodles

Nudelholz

noun

rolling pin

Nuss

noun

nut

Oblate

noun

wafer

Obst

noun

fruit

Ofen

noun

oven

Olive

noun

olive

Orangeat

noun

candied orange peel

Oregano

noun

oregano

Osterhäschen

noun

eastern bunny

Osterlamm

noun

paschal lamb

paniert

adj

breaded

Paprika

noun

pepper

Paprikapulver

noun

paprika

Pausenbrot

noun

sandwich, packed lunch

pellen

verb

to peel

Peperoni

noun

red pepper

Petersilie

noun

parsley

Pfanne

noun

pan

Pfannkuchen

noun

pancake

Pfeffer

noun

pepper

Pfifferling

noun

chanterelle

Pflanzenfett/Backfett

noun

shortening (Crisco = Palmin Soft)

Pfund

noun

pound (metric: 500 g, 1.1 U.S. pounds)

Pinienkern

noun

pine nut

pinseln

verb

to brush

pochiert

adj

poached

Pommes Frites

noun

french fries

Preiselbeere

noun

cranberry

Prise

noun

dash (approx. 1 gram)

Puderzucker

noun

powder sugar

putzen

verb

to brush, clean

Quark

noun

quark

Radieschen

noun

radish

raspeln

verb

to rasp

reif

adj

mellow

Reis

noun

rice

Rinderfilet

noun

beef cuttle filet

Rindfleisch

noun

beef

Rosine

noun

raisin

Rührbesen

noun

beater

rühren

verb

stir, mix

Rührgerät

noun

mixer, mixing machine

Saft

noun

juice

Sahne

noun

heavy creme

Salami

noun

pepperoni

Salatblatt

noun

lettuce leave

Salatblatt

noun

lettuce leave

Salatgurke

noun

cucumber

Salz

noun

salt

Sandkuchen

noun

sand cake

sauer

adj

sour

Schafskäse

noun

feta cheese

Schagsahne

noun

whipped cream

Schale

noun

peel (orange, lemon)

schälen

verb

to peel

scharf

adj

hot (spicy)

Schaum

noun

foam

schaumig

adj

foamily

Scheibe

noun

slice

Schinken

noun

ham

Schmand

noun

sour creme

Schnee

noun

meringue

Schneebesen

noun

whisk

schneiden

verb

to cut

Schnittlauch

noun

chive

Schnitzel

noun

cutlet

Schokolade

noun

chocolate

Schokoraspel

noun

chocolate rasps

Schüssel

noun

bowl

Schweinefilet

noun

pork filet

Schweinemett

noun

ground pork

seihen

verb

to strain, sieve (Aus., S. Ger.)

Sellerie

noun

celery

Semmelbrösel

noun

breadcrumbs

Senf

noun

mustard

servieren

verb

to serve

Sesam

noun

sesame

Sieb

noun

sieve, sifter, strainer, colander

sieben

verb

to sift, strain, sieve

Sonnenblumenkern

noun

sunflower seed

Spargel

noun

asparagus

Speck

noun

bacon

Speisestärke

noun

cornstarch, cornflour, thickening agent

Spieß

noun

spear

Spinat

noun

spinach

spiralförmig

adj

spirally

Springform

noun

spring form

Stachelbeere

noun

gooseberry

Stärkemehl

noun

cornstarch, cornflour

Stärkezucker

noun

glucose

streichen

verb

to press, rub; spread (butter, etc.)

Streifen

noun

stripes

stürzen

verb

to overthrow

Suppe

noun

soup

süß

adj

sweet

Tarte-Förmchen

noun

tartlet

Tasse

noun

cup

Teig

noun

dough, mixture

Teigschaber

noun

dough scraper

Thunfisch

noun

tuna

Thymian

noun

thyme

TL (Teelöffel)

noun

teaspoon

Tomate

noun

tomato

Tomatenmark

noun

tomato puree

Topf

noun

pot

Tortenguss

noun

glaze

Traube

noun

grape

Trockenhefe

noun

dry yeast

Truthahnfleisch

noun

turkey

tupfen

verb

to dup

unbehandelt

adj

natural, organic

unter Zugabe von…

verb

while adding…

unterheben

verb

to fold in (ingredients)

Vanille

noun

vanilla

Vanillepudding

noun

vanilla pudding

Vanillestange

noun

vanilla pod

Vanillezucker

noun

vanilla sugar

verfeinern

verb

to refine

verquirlen

verb

to whisk, beat until foamy

vierteln

verb

to quarter

Vollkornsandwichscheibe

noun

whole wheat sandwich slice

vorgeheizt

adj

preheated

vorheizen

verb

to preheat

Vorspeise

noun

appetizer

Waldmeister

noun

sweet woodruff

Wasser

noun

water

Wasserbad

noun

double boiler

Wein

noun

wine

Weizen

noun

wheat

wiegen, abwiegen

verb

to weigh

Wild

noun

game

Würfel

noun

cube

Würstchen

noun

sausage

Würstchen im Schlafrock

noun

pics in a blanket

würzen

verb

to season, add seasoning/spices

ziehen

verb

to steep, simmer, marinade

Zimt

noun

cinnamon

Zink

noun

zinc

Zitronat

noun

candied lemon peel, citron

Zitrone

noun

lemon

Zitronenschale

noun

lemon peel

Zubereitung

noun

preparation (directions)

Zucker

noun

sugar

Zuckerguss

noun

sugar icing

zusetzen

verb

to add

Zutat

noun

ingredient

Zwetschge

noun

plum

Zwetschgentorte

noun

plum cake

Zwiebel

noun

onion